A reason often cited by NGOs as a difficulty in identifying and making complaints is that it is easy for brands to move production between suppliers and supplier units. A number of useful lessons can be drawn from this example that are pertinent to leather footwear homework and grievance more generally. The research is situated within a broader context of barriers to grievance and factors that may contribute to how marginalised footwear homeworkers in global supply chains may seek justice. He is the one who provides us with work, just as you consult your management we will con- sult with him, he is our management. Delegates were told about the ETI’s focus on building capacity in the South to enable fuller participation in monitoring and verification, and the broader field of codes of conduct. The ETI reported outcomes of this project included improved supply chain transparency, some contraction of the number of tiers in the supply chain, and greater dependency for homeworkers in receiving the payments they were promised as opposed to deductions from subcontractors25 brand, NGO interviews, Along the key footwear produc- tion areas between Chennai and Bangalore, a kilometre stretch, there are Dalit quarter is in each village.
Each southern delegate had three votes. Participants From Asia 1. A climate of fear exists where they believe that a homeworker that makes a complaint is certain to lose her work. Background and overview of the global leather and footwear in- dustry The global leather industry includes the production of goods such as bags, belts, gloves, clothing, and footwear and the processes involved in treatment of the hides to produce the leather apparel. The suppliers we spoke to stated that they opposed a nationally affiliated union in their factory, arguing that this would lead to chaos and politically motivated actions. Levi Strauss in the Dominican Republic: In the case of leather footwear homework and child labour, industry representatives emphasised that the com- plexity of the footwear production made it too difficult to attain full supply chain transparency:
The reports represent independent scholarly contributions to the relevant debates.
The research finds that leather footwear transnational business is largely aimed at monitoring and audits hommework direct supplier factories also referred to as firsttier suppliers. SCL conceded that steps taken by buyers to prohibit outsourcing to homeworkers to prevent child labour run a high risk of negative impact on the family, including the children.
ETI Southern Participation Conference Report
Brand interview, Among the non-judicial mechanism representatives, brands, and suppliers we spoke to, there was no consistent understanding of what grievance processes were in place and available to homeworkers. There was no evidence of brands in this research hav- ing a grievance process in place, the lack of implementation at the transnational level is a barrier of resolution homewkrk grievances at the operational level.
Correspondence concerning this report guidlines be directed to annie. These factors have contributed to the footwear industry in the Chennai and Ambur regions being able to effectively counter union representation Damodaran and Mansingh, In the case of leather footwear homework and child labour, industry representatives emphasised that the com- plexity of the homeowrk production made it too difficult to attain full supply chain transparency: Our analysis shows that footwear brands and suppliers demonstrate little awareness of the im- pact and consequences for workers, in relation to the lack of access to grievance management.
The grievance strategies discussed in this report highlight the situation of leather footwear homework in relation to responses from and interactions with three categories of non-judicial mechanisms, corporate designed codes of conduct, and in- dustry-led and multi-stakeholder initiatives.
Homeworkers find it difficult to see anything positive in their lives and quite difficult to image how vuidelines lives could improve. Homeworkers are women aged between 16 to 60 years, with the majority having children to care for.
The lessons discussed below are informed by the homeworker case and specifically the challenges presented by the systemic problems in the leather footwear sector.
As mentioned above, gender discrimination is an important contributing factor to their work being attributed a lesser value by suppliers and brands. The Indian government recent Child and Ado- lescent Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act CLPRaims to prevent children those aged up to 14 years from being engaged in any occupation and adolescents those above 14 years and under 18 from being employed in hazardous work.
Estimates vary of the factory-based workforce; it is estimated that in Ambur alone there are around factories and tanneries, with many employing thousands of workers ICN, 1. Freedom of association and informing workers: In the Ambur—Chennai regions, interviewing homeworkers over the four years we did not find evidence of children working instead of going to school, though there were instances of children assisting their mother after school.
However, they have not implemented any process to ensure that the workers making their products are receiving at least the minimum wage. After opening these centres they see that only men were coming [to the stitching centres]. Critics of the amended Act state that there are limits to what is defined as hazardous work and the list of hazardous work will be subject to govern- ment discretion Gupta, SCL defines any person under 18 as a child, and a child labourer as any child not in full-time education SCL, The SOMO report drew links between homework and child labour.
And then automatically, all the schemes are available to you, as a homeworker the artisan cards were a big, big success actually in places like Bareilly, in places like Delhi, where these centers were gukdelines up by this group. Now we only work from home, one person brings the upper and we get it from him. This is the archive of the old Clean Clothes Campaign website, to allow people to locate some specific, and really old content.
What I like about them in this way is rti [the company] is clear. One type of 8 Business Social Compliance Initiative BSCI is a voluntary mechanism established to address labour is- sues in their member and global supply chains. Tier two suppliers commonly have some production facilities and also subcontract work to small workshops and intermediaries tier three suppliers. In when we spoke to one footwear supplier that had established seven stitching centres, by this had grown to twenty-four.
Critics of the amended Act state that there are limits to what is defined as hazardous work and the list of hazardous work will be subject to govern- ment discretion Gupta, Rohini Hensman, Union Research Group 3.
Government policies have contributed to financial support for the industry and the promotion of market flexibility, deregulation of the labour market, reduction in bureaucracy for foreign investment and the rapid increase in guidelnies economic zones and leather and footwear production clusters. Multi-stakeholder initiative and industry-initiative policies in relation to homework appear to have some influence on the types of responses by brands towards homework.
guideliens Homeworkers stated that they work all year, six days a week, with a low season occurring for about two months each year. We incorporate a broader concept of the ability to organise to include non-traditional forms of organising, such as community organising that may include informal and unorganised work- ers.