On 12 January , a magnitude 7 earthquake hit Haiti at The event measured 7. Airport and port damaged. As rescues tailed off, supplies, medical care and sanitation became priorities. Because there were few earthquake-resistant buildings , the devastation was massive.
Port-au-Prince’s morgues were quickly overwhelmed with many tens of thousands of bodies having to be buried in mass graves. Large parts of this impoverished nation where damage, most importantly the capital Port Au Prince, where shanty towns and even the presidential palace crumbled to dust. The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, the capital. Medicines San frontiers, a charity, tried to help casualties whilst the USA took charge of trying to coordinate Aid distribution. Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital. The event measured 7. Primary and secondary effects of the Haiti earthquake.
The port was destroyed Sea levels in local areas changed, with some parts of the land sinking below the sea The roads were littered with cracks and fault lines. Many buildings simply collapsed or were damaged beyond repair. The Dominican Republic which neighbours Haiti offered support and accepted some refugees.
The clothing industry, which accounts bitesizee two-thirds of Haiti ‘s exports, reported structural damage at manufacturing facilities. Most people, businesses and services were located in the capital. Communication systems, air, land, and sea transport facilities, hospitals, and electrical networks had been damaged by the earthquake, which slowed rescue and aid efforts. One year after the earthquake 1 million people remained displaced.
The event measured 7. Damage to the main clothing industry.
People were squashed into shanty towns or onto the streets because their homes had been destroyed leading to poor sanitation and health, and looting became a real problem. The fault line is a strike slip fault, the Caribbean Plate south of the fault line was sliding east and the smaller Gonvave Platelet north of the stud was sliding west.
It is estimated the 1 in 5 jobs were lost as a result of the quake Rubble from collapsed buildings blocked roads and gitesize links. The earthquake’s epicentre was 25 km west of Port-au-Prince, the capital.
Earthquakes – OCR – Revision 5 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize
Transport and communication links were also badly damaged by the earthquake. Cause of the earthquake Haiti lies right on the boundary of the Caribbean and North American plates. Short term responses Many countries responded to appeals for aid, pledging funds and dispatching rescue and medical teams, engineers and support personnel. There was slippage along a conservative plate boundary that runs through Haiti.
Many of the effects were immediate or primaryeg injuries from falling buildings.
Primary caused directly by the earthquake. The Senegalese offered land in Senegal to any Haitians who wanted it!
Its capital city is Port-au-Prince. Delays in aid distribution led to angry appeals from aid workers and survivors, and looting and sporadic violence were observed. The number of people in relief camps of tents and tarps since the quake was 1. Medicines San frontiers, a charity, tried to help casualties whilst the USA took charge of trying to coordinate Aid distribution. Economic impacts of the earthquake effects on money and jobs 30, commercial buildings collapsed.
The port, other major roads and communications link were damaged beyond repair and needed replacing.
By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. The pressure that was casd up because of the friction between the 2 plates was eventually released causing a magnitude 7 earthquake on the Richter Scale with an epicentre 16 miles West of Port-au-Prince and a shallow focus of 5 miles.
Earthquake Case Study (Haiti – Poor)
Some secondary effects didn’t happen until many months later, eg cholera outbreaks. Impacts Short term responses Long term recovery. Haiti is part of a large Caribbean island called Hispaniola.
There were many impacts including. Few of the Buildings in Haiti were built with earthquakes in mind, contributing to their collapse The government of Haiti also estimated thatresidences and 30, bitesixe buildings had collapsed hsiti were severely damaged.
The earthquake occurred on January 12 ththe epicentre was centred just 10 miles southwest of the capital city, Port au Prince and the quake was shallow—only about kilometres below the land’s surface.
Secondary result from primary effects.